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Filters








When shooting landscapes you will become aware of one simple fact; the sky is brighter than the land. Sounds reasonable, but this can be an issue.

A single shot with an unfiltered camera will produce an image with either a really dark foreground and a well exposed sky or a washed out sky and a well exposed foreground.

There are a few ways around this:

Multiple exposure shooting; this simply taking two or three shots at different exposures, these can then be merged together in post processing to produce an accurate representation of the desired shot.

Mid range exposure; this a single shot with neither aspect in an ideal exposure, the sky just to bright and the foreground just to dark. This can then be adjusted in post processing, by reducing the highlights in the sky and lifting the shadows in the foreground.

Filers;










Circular Polarizing filter - These filters will enhance the rich hues in a blue sky. If your landscapes are going to include water, then this is a must. These filters remove glare and reflection from the water surface, allowing you to see beneath the surface and capture any interesting rock formations or wildlife.

In street photography it will remove the reflections from windows and other reflective surfaces.










ND filters - (Neutral Density) If you need to do a longer exposure shoot during the day then you will need something to block out some the light to avoid overexposure. These filters are a greyed out piece of glass that fits in front of the lens, they are sold in varying degrees of strength and can be stacked together to get the desire strength for you shot.











Graduated ND  filters - These are similar to the ND filters, but the shading is graduated down across the piece of glass. These filters are great for landscpe shots that have a fairly straight sky line, you can filter out some of the light from the sky allowing you to get an even exposure in a single shot. However they can be tricky if the sky line is not a straight.