Composing an image can be one of the most challenging aspects of any type of photography. What makes a good image?

Rule of thirds - A good place to start is the ‘Rule of thirds’, it’s fairly simple. Imagine your image is sectioned like a game of nought's and crosses, the main subject in your image should fall on one of these intersecting lines to give an interesting composition.

These lines can also be used to direct the viewer to one particular area of the image. Placing a horizon on the lower horizontal line with give more weight to the sky and thus draw the views eye to that area, like wise placing the horizon on the high horizontal line will give weight to the lower portion of the image.


But as with all rules, this one was made to be broken so play around and find your own comfort lines.

Lead lines - Rivers, shore lines, paths, fences and bridges are all examples of lead lines, they can be used to draw the viewers eye in to the main subject of an image.

More often these lines lead in from bottom to top, but again this is a rule and made to be broken, so play on.

Symmetry - A contradiction to the rule of thirds, this is a well balanced image with a central horizon, with an evenly weighted top and bottom. More often than not both sides of the image are equally weighted.

In nature, plants are often a good source of symmetry, subjects with a  strong reflection can offer a great opportunity for a good symmetry shot, placing the shore line central gives a balanced image of subject and reflection.


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